Indonesian is the national language of a vast, plural nation state, the world's fourth-largest country with a population of over 200 million. Although its use is growing rapidly, and is now spoken by nearly everyone over the age of six, it has almost relatively few native speakers. This remarkable growth, unprecedented in the development world, is largely due to the forceful presence of state institutions that use, promote, and disseminate a language first introduced by the Dutch colonial administration. Joseph Errington's third book on language in Indonesia, first published in 1998, is a detailed analysis of 'shifting languages' in two small Javanese communities. A key figure in this area of research, he examines changing conversation practices in relation to questions of ethnicity, nationalism, and political culture. Errington concludes that the Javanese story has theoretical implications beyond the two villages to other parts of Indonesia, South East Asia, and to the developing world in general.
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bahasa bahasa Melayu bapak basd bilingual usage broader broadly called Central Java code switching communities context conversational practice culture dhalang discourse particles distinct elements elite Endhang Errington ethnic everyday examples exemplary center expository framed Gellner grounded Gudhangan Gumperz high basa ideology Indone Indonesian language Indonesian usage instance institutional interac interactional dynamics interactionally Javanese and Indonesian Javanese Indonesian Javanese interaction Javanese language Javanese speech Javanese usage Jumi kin term kula kuwi language shift lexical linguistic low basa lowland Malay markedness Mbak Mbok mboten mediate menika modern Mulih national language native nggih ngoko ngono niku Pak Waya patterns pembangunan personal pronoun phrase piye political Praya presupposed priyayi pronominal recourse referential salience Sandhi saya sense sketched in chapter social sociolinguistic Solo speakers speech modeling speech styles status strategy style shifting Surakarta syncretic tacitly talk talk's traditional transcribed transcriptions un-native urban utterance village wong